A Māori Framework

Regardless of what ethic background a teacher may come from, being culturally responsive to young Māori learners is providing a variety of rich cultural contexts that values their identity as Māori (Gay, 2000). To implement rich cultural contexts is about applying a tikanga approach that would drive an entire programme and not specific parts. A Māori framework for young Māori learners studying NCEA [Level 2] is an ideal starting point.

Developing a Māori framework based on Māui

The rationale for choosing stories about Māui to create an educational framework is best explained by Keelan (2014):

“He is an ancestor hero, a role model of what to do and what not to do. He was a change agent; he sought to make a difference and set about doing so. He never took no for an answer. He planned, took stock of and used his resources, created and invented when he needed to, and always looked outside the square. Whānau were important to him even though they did not know how to interact with him, and subsequently he was ruthless where they were concerned. He was both admirable and despicable, and we can learn from either quality.” (p.5)


  • Gay, G. (2000). Culturally responsive teaching: Theory, research, and practice. New York: Teachers College Press.
  • Keelan, T. (2014). Nga Reanga Youth Development Māori Styles. ePress, Unitec Institute of technology, Auckland.

WTK?! Make #learning choice👍


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